Bhojpuri is the language of Bihar. Other than Hindi, Bhojpuri is spoken widely in Bihar. Bhojpuri is language that has been derived from Hindi and Sanskrit. The Bhojpuri language is spoken not only in Bihar but other states such as UP and other Indian states. Other countries where Bhojpuri is spoken widely includes Nepal, Guyana, Suriname, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago and Mauritius. This is due to the large Bihari expiates living there.
The script used for Bhojpuri was essentially Kaithi script and the Nasta'liq (or the Persian) script. However over time the script was changed to the Devanagri script that is today used to write the Hindi language. This script was used for a number of other languages such as Bangla, Maithili, Urdu, and Hindi from the16th century till the 20th century. Interesting, there ware a few villages and communities who still used this script till the 1960s. It is however unknown if it is still used.
The language of Bhojpuri is not a separate language but a dialect of Hindi and part of the other Bihari languages. At the moment there is movement in Bihar to establish Bhojpuri as a National language and hence national status as the second largest language spoken outside India after Hindi. In Bihar it is thought that Bhojpuri is spoken mainly as a second language only as a conversational language. The last time there was a census on the number of Bhojpuri speaking people in 2001, it was estimated that nearly 35 million spoke the language. However in recent times, a report published by the Times of India group, it suggested that more than 150 million spoke Bhojpuri making it the second largest language after Hindi. In addition, to the above mentioned countries where the people has migrated they have used this language some of which include, Brazil, Fiji, Guyana, Mauritius, South Africa, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.
One of the first person to popularise the language at least politically was Dr. Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first president of independent India.